On the Expressive Competencies Needed for Responsive Systems

Nigel Ward

CHI 2003 Workshop on Subtle Expressivity of Characters and Robots, 2003


Subtle emotions and their expression often arise in the context of managing involvement levels and turn-taking in task-oriented interactions. This paper presents some thoughts regarding their importance for effective and efficient interaction, their essentially real-time nature, and their relation to social conventions.

full paper (pdf)