Prosodic Constructions in Dialog banner

Panel at the 14th International Pragmatics Conference

Call for Contributions

Prosodic constructions are recurring temporal patterns of prosodic activity that express specific meanings and functions. These typically involve not only pitch contours but also energy, rate, timing and articulation properties, and may involve synchronized contributions by two participants.

We are seeking panelists to help us deepen our understanding of prosody in dialog. We anticipate having several 90-minute time slots, each with presentations by 3 to 5 panelists that lead into focused and then general discussion.

Scope
We invite empirical, methodological, and theoretical contributions from any approach: conversation analysis, experimental, statistical, modeling, and others. We welcome, for example: work detailing the form and function of any specific prosodic construction; cross-linguistic studies; multi-modal investigations, work on the nature, utility, and limitations of construction-based approaches to dialog prosody; and work on how the realizations of prosodic constructions vary, for example, with other factors affecting prosodic form, with temporal and cognitive limitations that constrain speakers, with individual speakers, and with multiple simultaneous goals, whether coherent or misaligned.

Motivation
Appropriate prosody is critical to effective interaction. Subtle variations in pitch, loudness, rate and aspects of timing can efficiently convey turn-taking intentions, information status, confidence, and so on. Native speakers effortlessly use prosody to convey such information, but there are still significant gaps in our knowledge about the forms and functions of prosody in unscripted dialog.

In the 1970s, specific intonation contours were identified and linked to specific meanings and functions. Critically, meanings in such models are not tied to a single prosodic parameter nor to a single prosodic event in time, rather they are pattern-based. This line of work was variously criticized as insufficiently reductionist, too abstract, difficult to apply to naturally occurring talk, monolog-oriented, hard to formalize, neglectful of prosodic features other than pitch, and lacking experimental support.

More recent work has overcome many of these problems, elucidating, for example, the prosodic behaviors involved in complaining (O01), giving in (N13), inviting back-channels (W14), producing upgraded assessments (O12, W14), questioning and using questions for various purposes (H03, H04, H10, L12, CK12, S12), calling (DO13), contradicting (H03), topic transitions (CK04), summing up (P13) and turn-taking (G12). The panel will discuss these constructions and others, compare approaches and models, and situate this work within the larger enterprise of describing dialog practices.

     

Submission Information
Please submit an abstract of your contribution directly to the conference, by October 15.

The steps are: write an abstract of 250 to 500 words, join IPrA or renew your membership, click "login" in the upper right corner of any conference webpage, click on the "contribute" item which will then appear in the navigation box on the left, select this panel, and enter your abstract. For procedural details please see the Conference Call for Papers.

For other questions or for suggestions please contact any of the panel organizers.

Organizers
Nigel Ward
University of Texas at El Paso

Richard Ogden

University of York

Oliver Niebuhr
Kiel University

Nancy Hedberg
Simon Fraser University

References

CK04: Couper-Kuhlen, Elizabeth. 2004. Prosody and Sequence Organization in English Conversation. in Sound Patterns in Interaction, Couper-Kuhlen and Ford, eds., Benjamins, pp 335-376.

CK12: Couper-Kuhlen, Elizabeth. 2012. Some Truths and Untruths about Final Intonation in Conversational Questions. in Questions: Formal, Functional, and Interactional Perspectives. Jan P. de Ruiter, ed. Cambridge pp 123-145

DO13: Day-O'Connell, Jeremy. 2013. Speech, Song, and the Minor Third: An Acoustic Study of the Stylized Interjection. Music Perception, 30, pp 441--462. (see also the video on this prosodic construction)

G12: Gorisch, J., B. Wells, and G. J. Brown. 2012. Pitch Contour Matching and Interactional Alignment across Turns: An Acoustic Investigation. Language and Speech 55, pp 57-76.

H03: Hedberg, Nancy, Sosa, Juan M., Pitch Contours in Negative Sentences. 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 2003.

H04: Hedberg, Nancy, Sosa, Juan M. and Fadden, Lorna. Meanings and configurations of questions in English. Speech Prosody 2004.

H10: Hedberg, Nancy, Juan M. Sosa, Emrah Gorgulu and Morgan Mameni. 2010. The Prosody and Meaning of Wh-Questions in American English. Speech Prosody.

L12: Lai, Catherine. Response Types and the Prosody of Declaratives. Speech Prosody 2012.

N13: Niebuhr, Oliver. 2013. Resistance is futile: The intonation between continuation rise and calling contour in German. Interspeech, pp 132-136.

O01: Ogden, Richard. 2001. Turn Transition, Creak and Glottal Stop in Finnish Talk-in-Interaction. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 31.

O06: Ogden, Richard. 2006. Phonetics and Social Action in Agreements and Disagreements. Journal of Pragmatics 38: 1752-1775.

O10: Ogden, Richard (2010). Prosodic constructions in making complaints. In Dagmar Barth-Weingarten, Elisabeth Reber and Margret Selting (Eds.). Prosody in interaction. Amsterdam, Benjamins, 81-103.

O12: Ogden, Richard. 2012. Prosodies in Conversation. in Prosodies: Context, Function and Communication, edited by Oliver Niebuhr, 201-208. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

P13: Persson, Rasmus. 2013. Intonation and Sequential Organization: Formulations in French Talk-in-interaction. Journal of Pragmatics, 57, pp 19-38.

S12: Strömbergsson, Sofia, Jens Edlund and David House. 2012. Prosodic measurements and question types in the Spontal corpus of Swedish dialogues. Interspeech 2012, pp. 839-842.

SR11: Szczepek Reed, Beatrice. 2011. Beyond the Particular: Prosody and the Coordination of Actions. Language and Speech, 11, pp 13-34.

W14: Ward, Nigel G. 2014. Automatic Discovery of Simply-Composable Prosodic Elements. Speech Prosody 2014, pp 915-919.