On November 6, 1528, conquistador Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca became the first European to set foot in what is now Texas.
1a. Many conquistadors were paid a salary by Spain. Write a method named earning that, given the annual salary s in doubloons and the number of years y the conquistador served, returns the amount of doubloons that this person received during his lifetime.
1b. Call (invoke) your method earning in the main method to compute the amount of money received by Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca who received 50 doubloons per year for 15 years. You do not need to write the entire main method, just the part that assigns values to the corresponding variables salary and years and calls your method.
1c. Trace, step by step, how the computer will perform the needed computations, and check that the result is indeed correct.
2a. Define a class Conquistador whose objects are different conquistadors. The description of each conquistador should include his name, his birth year, and the age at which he came to the Americas. Your class should contain a constructor method, get- and set-methods, and a method for computing the year when this conquistador arrived in the Americas.
2b. Use your class in the main method to define a new object nunez of type Conquistador describing Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. He was known to be born in 1490, and he arrived in the New World at the age of 37. Compute and print the year when he arrived in the New World. Then, replace the year 1490 with the corrected year 1488 provided by some historians, and compute and print the corrected arrival year.
2c. Trace your program step-by-step.
3a. Write a piece of code that, given an array birthYear of birth years of famous people and an array name of their names, prints the names of those who are exactly 100, 200, 300, etc. years old in 2013 (i.e., whose age is divisible by 100). Assume that the arrays have been declared, initialized, and that they have the same length.
3b. To check the correctness of the code you wrote in Part 3a, write a piece of code that defines a new array famousBorn with years 1813 and 1685, and a new array famousName with elements Wagner and Bach.
3c. Trace step-by-step how the piece of code you wrote in Part 3a will compute the corresponding ages.
4a. Several people claimed to be the first to discover Texas. Write a method that, given an array t of years when each of them reaches Texas first and the array n of their names, finds the name of the person who arrived in Texas first. Assume the arrays have been declared, initialized, and have the same non-zero length.
4b. To check the correctness of your method, write a piece of code that defines new arrays inTexas consisting of 3 elements 1530, 1528, and 1529, and names with elements V, N, and C.
4c. Trace step-by-step how the piece of code you wrote in Part 4a will find the name of the first European to arrive in Texas. Hint: Nunez (N) is the one.
5a. Describe what is white-box and black-box testing.
5b. Describe the main rules for testing.